1.One of the widest varieties of ethnic groups in the world–over 120 different groups

Russia today is home to one of the widest varieties of ethnic groups in the world –there are more than 120 different groups. Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1% (2002 census). 32 ethnic groups have their own republics or administrative territories within Russia. But 80% of the population is Russian. Larger groups are Slavs, Caucasian Peoples and Turkic peoples.

An ethnic group shares a common ancestry, languages, religion, customs, or a combination of these things. Because of the varieties of ethnic groups, the culture is a colorful combination.


2.art golden age

By the early 1800s, Russia had entered an artistic golden age that lasted into the 1900s. During that time, there were a great number of artists, painters and novelists. Painters such as Viktor Vasnetsov and composers such as Pyotr Tchaikovsky contributed to the richness to the Russian culture. The works of poets Aleksandr Pushkin, Boris Pasternak, and Anna Akhmatova, and novelists Lev Tolstoy and Fyodor Dostoyvsky have made Russian culture famous. This golden age of culture enriches the Russian culture and made it famous.



During the Soviet era, education was free but mandatory. The emphasis was on math, science, and literature. This produced generations of technology-focused government officials. They, along with prominent educators, writers and artists, made up the Soviet intelligentsia, or the intellectual elite.

Intelligentsia was identified as one of three formal “classes” of revolutionary Soviet society, along with peasants and workers. These three formal Soviet classes were characteristically listed in the order of their revolutionary significance: workers, peasants and intelligentsia. By the Soviet time, the restless intelligentsia of the 19th century had become urban professionals and service personnel of a recognizable modernizing 20th century sort.


4. The living condition

Living condition in Russia affect family life. Due to a housing shortage, most families live in large apartment blocks. The apartments are usually very small—a bedroom, living room, kitchen, and bathroom—for family of four. Extended family members often live together.


5. Currently have a poor education system

Today, students have a choice of different types of schools, but the country’s unstable economy has limited school budgets. Teachers often abandon teaching because of the low pay and low morale. In addition, students focus on earning money rather than getting an education.


6.Currently experiencing negative population growth due to lifestyle choices and declining health care

Russia is currently experiencing negative population growth due to lifestyle choices and declining health care. Decisions such as smoking and drinking, rising infertility, increasing rates of infectious diseases, and inefficient health care systems all affect the well-being of Russia’s people.


7.more than 100 languages

Today, more than 100 languages are spoken in Russia, although Russian is still the official language. Ethnic Russians generally only speak Russians, while members of other ethnic groups are bilingual, speaking both their own language and Russian.


8.Socialist realism

During the Soviet Era, individual artistic expression was limited and the government highly encouraged an approach called socialist realism. In this art form, artists glorified the government in realistic paintings or works of art. The Soviet Era repressed artists and freethinkers that would have gone against the communist government.


9.Soviet era vs. fall of Soviet Union

After the fall of the Soviet Union, Russia’s culture changed. Religious policies were loosened, education became more balanced, and activity in the arts was renewed. These steps away from communism and a Cold War mentality have impacted Russia’s culture for the better.


 10.Eastern Orthodox Church

In 988, Prince Vladimir adopted Eastern Orthodox Christianity as Russia’s official religion, and Russia has since asserted its claim as leader of the Orthodox Christian world. Today, most religious Russians are members of the Russian branch of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Although many churches were looted or destroyed during the Soviet Era, Christian groups have reemerged.

Honorable Mentions:

Lev (Leo) Tolstoy

Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Pyotr Tchaikovsky

Aleksandr Pushkin

Works Cited

Boehm, Richard G., and Dinah Zike. Glencoe World Geography and Cultures. New York: McGraw, 2012.


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     2013. <http://calvertjournal.com/images/made/images/uploads/thumbnails/



Flags. DeltaInvest. DeltaInvest Investment & Technology, Aug. 2012. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.


Jump, Steve. “Russian Orthodox Church.” Russia-Alaska.com. russia-alaska.com, 2004. Web. 13 Feb.

     2013. <http://www.russia-alaska.com/images/


“Smoking.” The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.


Socialist Realism. Communisme-Bolchevisme.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.


Gather. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://books.gather.com/viewArticle.action?articleId=281474977345188&gt;.

Neil young’s film lounge. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.jigsawlounge.co.uk/film/reviews/trib-elena-plus2/&gt;.

russian ethnic groups. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. <http://www.indexmundi.com/russia/ethnic_groups.html&gt;.

Stock Photo – People eating pancakes during Maslenitsa festival in Russia. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. <http://www.123rf.com/photo_16620616_people-eating-pancakes-during-maslenitsa-festival-in-russia.html&gt;.

thepeoplesvoice. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.thepeoplesvoice.org/TPV3/Voices.php/2012/11/17/ten-years-of-shame-arguments-about-blame&gt;.

uoregon. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://pages.uoregon.edu/kimball/ntg.htm&gt;.

Voice of Russia- UK Edition. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://ruvr.co.uk/2012_09_04/87088640/&gt;.


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